Ambulance - A vehicle used to transport sick or injured people with medical needs.
Amputation - Is the complete or partial severing of a limb and is extremely traumatic for the casualty.
Anaphylactic Shock - Anaphylaxis resulting in a collapse of the circulatory system and a dangerous decrease in blood pressure. Anaphylactic shock is a life-threatening reaction that requires immediate treatment.
Anaphylaxis (Allergic Reaction) - Is an extremely dangerous allergic reaction. The condition is caused by a massive over-reaction of the body's immune system.
Asthma - Is a condition caused by an allergic reaction in the lungs, often to substances such as dust, traffic fumes or animal hair.
Basic Life Support - A level of medical care provided by pre-hospital emergency medical services. Basic life support consists of essential non-invasive life-saving procedures, such as CPR, bleeding control, splinting broken bones, artificial ventilation, and basic airway management.
Blake Training - Our main areas of expertise are arboriculture and the food industry. However as a training provider we can offer a vast range of other courses relating to these areas. The training can be offered at our centre or at a site chosen by the client. We also offer First Aid Training Courses covering basic first aid training.
Breathing - is the process that moves air in and out of the lungs.
Broken Bone - A bone fracture is a medical condition in which there is a break in the continuity of the bone.
Bruising - To injure the underlying soft tissue or bone of (part of the body) without breaking the skin, as by a blow.
Burn - A burn is a type of injury to flesh caused by heat, electricity, chemicals, light, radiation or friction.
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation - The emergency substitution of heart and lung action to restore life to someone who appears dead.
Cardio-respiratory System - The lungs, and heart and blood vessels in the body.
Chest Compressions - The act of pushing on the chest during cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Chest compressions help push blood through the heart and surrounding blood vessels. One-way valves in the heart and veins keep blood from flowing backward.
Choking - Choking is the blocking of an airway due to a foreign object lodged in the throat or windpipe.
Crepitus - This is the feeling or sound of bone grating on bone if the broken ends rub on each other when the injury is moved about.
Cuts - Severed skin.
Diabetes - Is a condition suffered by a person who does not produce enough of a hormone called insulin.
Diarrhoea - Frequent and watery bowel movements (can be a symptom of infection or food poisoning).
Direct Pressure - Direct pressure is used when trying to address a wound.
Dressing - A piece of soft material that covers and protects an injured part of the body. A dressing should be sterile and just large enough to cover the wound.
Epileptic Seizure - An epileptic seizure, occasionally referred to as a fit, is defined as a transient symptom of "abnormal excessive or synchronous neuronal activity in the brain".
FAST - Is a test you should carry out if you suspect someone has had a stroke. Facial Weakness, Arm Weakness, Speech Problems and Tim to call 999.
First Aid - Simple emergency medical care procedures intended for lay rescuers to perform before emergency medical professionals are available. Blake Training provide First Aid Training Courses.
First Aid Kit - A first aid kit is a collection of supplies and equipment for use in giving first aid, and can put together for the purpose (by an individual or organization, for instance), or purchased complete.
Fracture - A fracture is the (local) separation of an object or material into two, or more, pieces under the action of stress.
Frostbite - Damage to tissues from freezing due to the formation of ice crystals within cells, rupturing the cells and leading to cell death.
Greenstick Fracture - Kids commonly get incomplete fractures known as greenstick fractures.
Heart - The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body.
Heart attack - The death of heart muscle due to the loss of blood supply. The loss of blood supply is usually caused by a complete blockage of a coronary artery, one of the arteries that supplies blood to the heart muscle.
Heat exhaustion - A warning that the body is getting too hot.
Hematoma - Internal bleeding produced by a broken blood vessel causing a dome under the skin.
Inflammation - A reaction to injury that may include redness, heat and swelling.
Internal bleeding - Is bleeding occurring inside the body. It can be a serious medical emergency depending on where it occurs (e.g. brain, stomach, lungs), and can potentially cause death and cardiac arrest if proper medical treatment is not received quickly.
Jaw - The bones below the mouth (the mandible) and the bone above the mouth just above the mouth (the maxilla). The word jaw comes from the Anglo-Saxon ceowan meaning to chew.
Ketone bodies - Chemicals that the body makes when there is not enough insulin in the blood and it must break down fat instead of the sugar glucose for energy.
Laceration - Irregular wounds caused by a blunt impact to soft tissue which lies over hard tissue, which causes tearing of the skin.
Ligament - A tough cord of tissue that connects bone to bone or cartilage to bone.
Medical Condition - A condition may also be a disease or a sign of a disease.
Moleskin - Soft material that reduces friction and protects skin.
Necrosis - A severe skin infection, which is common in crush injuries, burns, frostbite and infection.
Orthopedics - The branch of medicine dealing with bones and the skeleton.
Orthotics - The science and technology of braces for weak or injured joints and muscles.
Paramedic - A certified healthcare provider who is trained to treat and transport victims of emergencies. Paramedics provide advanced life support to victims.
Puncture - A wound caused by an object puncturing the skin.
Recover Position - The recovery position or coma position refers to one of a series of variations on a lateral recumbent or three-quarters prone position of the body, in to which an unconscious but breathing casualty can be placed as part of first aid treatment.
RSS - Repetitive Stress Syndrome, caused by any repetitive movement.
Resuscitation - The procedure of restoring to life, as in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).
Rupture - Tearing apart of a tissue.
S.E.E.P - Is a process to help the treatment of bleeding. Sit or lay, Examine, Elevate, Pressure.
Shock - Is a lack of oxygen to the tissues of the body, which is caused by a fall in blood volume or blood pressure.
Sprain - Any injury where fibers of a ligament are stretched or torn.
Strain - Any injury where a muscle or tendon is stretched or torn.
Stroke - A stroke, previously known medically as a cerebrovascular accident (CVA), is the rapidly developing loss of brain functions due to disturbance in the blood supply to the brain.
Sunburn - Sunburn is an inflammation of the skin that develops in response to exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun or from tanning beds and booths that emit UV radiation.
Swelling - An abnormal enlargement of a part of the body, typically as a result of an accumulation of fluid.
Tendon - The cord of fibrous tissue connecting a muscle with another part (e.g. bone).
Tendinitis - Inflammation of tendons or muscles around a joint.
Trauma - Any wound or injury to living tissue.
Unconsciousness - Is the condition of being not conscious—in a mental state that involves complete or near-complete lack of responsiveness to people and other environmental stimuli. Being in a comatose state or coma is a type of unconsciousness.
Vein - A blood vessel that carries blood toward the heart: most veins carry low-oxygen blood.
Vomiting - is the forceful expulsion of the contents of one's stomach through the mouth and sometimes the nose.
Wound - A wound is a type of injury in which skin is torn, cut or punctured (an open wound), or where blunt force trauma causes a contusion (a closed wound).